Dominance of evaporation on lacustrine groundwater discharge to regulate lake nutrient state and algal blooms
作者：Shi, Xiaoyan; Luo, Xin; Jiao, Jiu Jimmy; Zuo, Jinchao
As global threats to freshwater lakes, eutrophication and harmful algal blooms (HABs) are governed by various biogeochemical, climatological and anthropogenic processes. Groundwater is key to join these processes in regulating HABs, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we leveraged basin-wide field data of Lake Taihu (China's largest eutrophic lake) and global archives, and demonstrate the dominance of evaporation on lacustrine groundwater discharge (LGD) in shallow lakes. We extrapolated decadal LGD and the derived nutrient loadings and found that HABs promptly consume ubiquitous groundwater borne nutrients, leading lake water N: P ratios 2-3 months time lagged behind LGD N: P ratios. We conclude that evaporation dominated LGD is an unraveled but crucial regulator of nutrient states and HABs in shallow lakes, which advocates synergistical studies from both climatological and hydrogeological perspective when restoring lake ecosystems.
（来源：Water Research 出版年：2022 DOI：10.1016/j.watres.2022.118620）