Water depth and transparency drive the quantity and quality of organic matter in sediments of Alpine Lakes on the Tibetan Plateau
作者：Du, YingXun; Luo, ChunYan; Chen, FeiZhou; 等
Identifying primary environmental drivers mediating the quantity and quality of sedimentary organic matter (OM) in climate-sensitive alpine lakes is crucial to understanding the role of alpine lakes in greenhouse gas emissions and Earth's climate system. Here, we characterized various pools of OM of 20 alpine lakes across the Tibetan Plateau, including bulk OM, water-soluble OM and alkaline-extracted OM from surface sediments, and dissolved OM (DOM) from surface water. The total organic carbon (TOC) content in sediments was low (< 3%), and delta C-13 of TOC and C : N ratios indicated limited allochthonous carbon inputs. Sedimentary water-soluble OM and alkaline-extracted OM were both dominated by low-molecular-weight, low-aromaticity compounds with low contributions of terrestrial humic substances, suggesting that sedimentary leachable OM was primarily regulated by in-lake sources and processes. Redundancy analysis showed that water depth, water transparency, and total phosphorus concentration in water column explained similar to 50% variance of sedimentary bulk and leachable OM, substantiating the importance of autochthonous sources and primary productivity in regulating the quantity and quality of sedimentary OM. Compared with lake surface water DOM, water-soluble OM and alkaline-extracted OM from sediments had higher proportions of terrestrial humic-like substances, suggesting preferential preservation of allochthonous materials in sediments. Our results are the first to demonstrate a clear link between physical attributes and sedimentary OM in Tibetan lakes. The associated relations predict that the amount of total OM and autochthonous carbon preserved in sediments would increase due to the lake enlargement under the scenarios of climate warming and precipitation enhancement, which may amplify greenhouse gas emissions from Tibetan lakes.
（来源：Limnology and Oceanography 出版社：2022 DOI：10.1002/lno.12180）