新闻热点

Data-driven framework for spatiotemporal characteristics, complexity dynamics, and environmental risk evaluation of river water quality

 作者:Deng, Chenning; Liu, Lusan; Li, Haisheng;

To evaluate the evolution of river water quality in a changing environment, measuring the objective water quality is critical for understanding the rules of river water pollution. Based on the sample entropy theory and a nonlinear statistical method, this study aims to identify the spatiotemporal dynamics of water quality and its complexity in the Yangtze River basin using time series data, to separate the contributions of human activity and climate change to water quality, and to establish a data-driven risk assessment framework for the spatial (potential risk) and temporal (direct risk) aspects of water pollution. The results demonstrate that the spatiotemporal dynamics of water quality and sample entropy in each monitoring section are closely related to the characteristics of the corresponding location. The water quality of the main stream is superior, and its complexity is less than that of the tributaries. Cascade reservoir operation and vegetation status, agricultural production, and rainfall patterns exert great influences in the upper, middle, and lower reaches, respectively. Dam construction, urban agglomeration development, and interactions between river and lake are also influencing factors. An attributional analysis found that climate change and human activities negatively contributed to the evolution of NH3-N concentration in most of the monitored sections, and the average relative contribution rates of human activities to changes in water quality in the main and tributary streams were -55.46% and -48.49%, respectively. In addition, the construction of data-driven risk assessment framework can efficiently and accurately assess the potential and direct water pollution risks of rivers. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

(来源:SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT卷:785 出版年:2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147134)