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Characterization of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in lakes across the Tibet-Qinghai Plateau using spectroscopic analysis
【发布时间:2020-04-03 】 【 】【打印】【关闭

  作者: Song, Kaishan; Li, Sijia; Wen, Zhidan; . 

  Fluorescent dissolved organic matter (FDOM) has a significant influence on global inland water carbon cycling and biogeochemical processes. The alpine lakes on Tibet-Qinghai Plateau (TQP) are exposed to high-intensity ultraviolet radiation, long retention time with less anthropogenic influences. Yet, limited studies were conducted on FDOM of lakes on the highest plateau in the world with unique aquatic environments. Spatiotemporal variations of FDOM components from 63 lakes (32 fresh lakes, N = 135; 31 brackish lakes, N = 109) were grouped according to salinity across the TQP collected during 2014-2017. FDOM were examined using excitation-emission matrix spectra (EEM) and fluorescence regional integration (FRI). CDOM absorption and FDOM fluorescence indices, average fluorescence intensities of the five fluorescent components (phi(i), i = I, II, III, IV, V) and total fluorescence intensities (phi(T)) are significantly different between brackish and freshwater lakes (p < 0.05). High correlations (-0.51**< r < -0.86**, p < 0.01) were revealed between FDOM and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations with salinity > 10 parts per thousand. A comparatively prolonged retention time and terrestrial allochthonous inputs caused higher DOC accumulation in brackish water. Strong UV radiation resulted in an important effect on CDOM photo-absorption characteristics, and that contributed to DOC variability and fate. Likewise, average CDOM spectroscopic indices in each basin with different land covers showed a moderate correlation between DOC and normalized humic-like phi(v), for 20 basins (r = -0.46**, p < 0.01). The results suggest that studies on the highest alpine lakes across the TQP should focus on the impact of the evapoconcentration, ultraviolet irradiance and landscape features within different basins on FDOM characteristics. It demonstrated that the FDOM was dominated by the allochthonous sources in brackish lakes from the TQP and had a similarity to those observed in marine environments. 

JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY   : 579     文献号: UNSP 124190   出版年: 2019

 

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